Manifestations of Candida mycoses
Vulvovaginal Candidosis

Fungal infections in the genital area (Vulvovaginal Candidosis): Up to 75% of all women suffer at least once in their lifetime from vulvovaginal mycosis. In particular, women between the ages of 20 and 30 are affected.

The most frequent pathogens causing genital mycosis are Candida yeasts. C. albicans is detected in 60-80% of all cases. More recently of the non-albicans species, Candida glabrata becoming more and more prevalent as a causative pathogen of genital mycoses. The strains C. krusei, C. guilliermondii, C. parapsilosis, C. tropicalis, amongst others, occur less frequently.

Common symptoms include severe itching and burning in the area around the vulva (but also in the area of  the labia minora and majora, the inguinal and the perianal regions), a white, creamy or crumbly discharge, erythema, a white coating on the vulva and vagina, swelling of the affected tissues, frequent urgency to urinate or dysuria, dyspareunia.

15-20% of men also suffer at least once in their lifetimes from a genital yeast infection (Candida balantitis). In particular, inflammation of the foreskin and the glans lead to painful itching and burning, as well as swelling. Even if men are less frequently affected by genital mycoses than women, they can pass on the pathogen as the yeast’s host.

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